Part I. — Short answers. Choose eight questions. Answer them briefly. What counts is not only correctness but ?your ability to identify the essence of the matter. You may answer the questions in any order, but please ?indicate by number which questions you choose to answer. 1. What is the central difference between Karl Marx’s understanding of stratification and Max Weber’s? 2. How did the cultural attitude toward the proper role of racial, ethnic, and religious identity change in America?from the early 20th Century to the early 21st Century? 3. Briefly evaluate (don’t just state) Milton Gordon’s three “models” to describe American diversity. 4. Explain: “The Jew is the antisemite’s Rorschach ink-blot.” 5. Explain how “scapegoating” is part of the etiology of bigotry. 6. How did Emile Durkheim use the distinction between “sacred” and “profane” to explain social solidarity? 7. How do atheism and secularism differ from each other? 8. What are the main characteristics of the actual relationship between religion (“church”) and the public realm ?(“state”) in America? 9. Why can’t a religion’s position on an issue be proven by quoting its sacred literature? 10. What are some of the factors that make the Uniform Crime Reports not really uniform? 11. What is “anomie,” and how is it a source of criminality? 12. How does imprisonment contribute to recidivism? 13. In what sense are we all, in Margaret Mead’s phrase, “immigrants in time?” 14. Explain and illustrate why we cannot predict the future by extrapolating current trends. Part II. – Essay. Choose one of the following questions. Write a full and thoughtful essay, drawing on several ?of the ideas covered in the course. 15. Explain how Gordon Allport’s paradigm for understanding the etiology of prejudice can be used in studying ?all behavior (not only prejudice). Then give an illustration by applying it to some behavior other than ?prejudice. 16. C. Wright Mills (a mid-20th Century sociologist) defined “the sociological imagination” as the ability to ?appreciate the links between individual motivations and sociocultural realities. Choose some ?behavior that interests you, and reflect on it with “sociological imagination.” (Don’t just say that we are ?influenced by our culture. We are, of course, but if you choose this question, be sure to go ?beyond that obvious observation.) 17. Choose a recent (during the past week or so) news story from the New York Times, Time Magazine, or CNN ?website. Write a sociological commentary on it, using relevant concepts to add perspective to what the ?story relates. Include a link to the story, or indicate the source, date, and headline. Choose a story ?that lets you show off your ability to do sociological analysis.