4 – 6 pages, 12 pt. font Choose a society from anywhere in the world and from any time. Find 3 primary source examples of that society, including one (only) work from each of the following categories: Story (Folk story, legend, or mythology) Art (Painting, sculpture, pottery) Technology (Architecture or other forms of technology, such as boat, aqueduct, weapon, or tool) Describe each work in detail and analyze it with respect to the society from which it came. How does the work reflect its society of origin? In other words, what does the work tell you about its society of origin? If you only had those three examples to work with, what conclusions do you think you could come to about that society and time? Include a summary from category 1 and a picture of each work from categories 2 and 3. You won’t need sources for this assignment but if you use any cite them using any consistent citation system. Chicago, MLA, or APA styles are all good for this paper. A suggestion: Start with the story. It is easier to work art and technology in after you have a story to work with. Additional Information There is often some difficulty with students ignoring the analysis portion of the assignment. The result is always a poor grade. I am referring to this section of the instructions: Describe each work and analyze it with respect to the society from which it came. How does the work reflect its society of origin? If you only had those three examples to work with, what conclusions do you think you could come to about that society and time? Those questions must be dealt with or you will receive an F for the paper. You cannot ignore this part of the assignment. What does the work tell you about the society you have chosen? In class, I tell the story of Red Riding Hood. The sudden tragic ending reflects the gloomy, hopeless life of 8th-century French peasants. Another example that I sometimes refer to in class is La Llorona. You can google it if you are not familiar with the story. La Llorona demonstrates the importance of maternal duties in Latin American society. Korean culture is heavily Confucian, despite the culture’s varied background. Most Korean stories, until very recently, have demonstrated at least some filial piety. Saying something hopelessly vague is not analysis. Example: “The story shows how advanced the society is” or “this is a story that is told to children to frighten them.” That is not analysis. Even the statement: “This shows how important the gods were to them” is not really analysis. You need to be more specific than that. What is it saying about their gods? Art and technology also reflect something about a society and its culture. The refined Mongolian yurt (tent-house) shows the nomadic nature of their culture. The perfect male sculptures of the classical Greek period demonstrate Greek emphasis on the pursuit of the ideal, or arête. As with the stories, it is unsatisfactory to say that “the artwork (or technology) shows how sophisticated the culture is.” Art and technology might not reveal as much as the story but they always reveal something. You must attempt it in each case. This is actually what historians do. I don’t grade harshly on the analysis if an attempt is made, but you must make a serious attempt. Primary Source A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study Original Documents Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, film footage, autobiographies, official records Laws Creative Works Folk tales, myths, legends Poetry, drama, novels, music, art Relics or Artifacts Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings Secondary Source A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Textbook Historical survey or monograph Works of historians Journal or magazine article Note: These can be primary sources when from the period studied Criticism Encyclopedia, Wikipedia, etc.