1) Toward the end of Animal’s People, Zafar tells Animal, “You have understood s

1) Toward the end of Animal’s People, Zafar tells Animal, “You have understood something worthwhile, my friend, in the end the only way to deal with tragedy is to laugh at it.” How might Sinha’s entire novel be seen as an embodiment of this insight? Citing specific incidents and scenes, evaluate the extent to which Animal’s People can be viewed as a satirical novel, one that defies the moral obscenity of situations such as Khaufpur and Bhopal with its own insistent mockery, vulgarity, and wit. Your essays should evaluate the strengths of satire as a form of social and political critique, as well as its weaknesses and limitations. Make sure your essay draws on formal definitions of satire (here and here, for example).
2) The role of health professionals in traumatized communities is a subject of scrutiny in both The Memory of Love and Animal’s People. Both novels depict health care workers who leave wealthy countries in order to “help” in poorer ones, and who encounter resistance and suspicion that they are “moral tourists” or something worse. At the same time, both novels depict health professionals who, for various reasons, are more deeply engaged with the cultural and socioeconomic structures that shape their patients’ lives. Focusing on Animal’s People individually or on both novels comparatively, analyze the various roles of health professionals and their moral stakes. Drawing on arguments about structural violence, medical ethics and/or narrative medicine offered by Paul Farmer, Mary Bassett, and Rita Charon (you can review their essays/videos in the recent unit folders), advance a clear thesis about how medicine can best serve communities shaped by poverty, disease, and structural violence. Make sure your argument is supported with specific examples and characters from one or both novels. Your essay must also clearly integrate at least one important idea from Farmer, Bassett, or Charon; it need not include all three
3) In chapter 39 of The Memory of Love, Attila asks Adrian whose “normality” he seeks to return to his patients—that of their impoverished, exploited, and war-scarred neighbors, or Adrian’s? The same question could be asked of health care workers like Eli in Animal’s People. Compare and contrast the two novels by developing an analytical argument that addresses one or more of the following questions. In what ways are standards of physical and mental health relative to the societies around them? Of what value are the efforts to uphold “universal” health standards when people “don’t need therapy so much as hope”? Can foreign nationals who plan to leave make any substantive contribution to building such hope?
Remember that your paper must follow the normal rules for a college essay. It needs a clear thesis statement that expresses a complex argument. It also needs to be organized into focused paragraphs, where each paragraph adds one rationale to help “prove” your thesis statement’s claim. You must support each rationale with specific evidence from the text, and you must analyze and interpret that evidence. Finally, be sure to write your essay as grammatically and stylistically correctly as possible. Please review the essay grading guidelines in the left menu to understand how your paper will be assessed by your Instructor.
Format: equivalent of 4-5 double-spaced pages (12-point Times New Roman font) in a common word processing program such as Microsoft Word.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.